Menopause is the closure of menstrual periods in a woman’s life. If a woman does not have her menstrual periods for 12 consecutive months, it is termed as menopause. The normal menopause age is 51. If the menopause happens before reaching 40, it is called as premature menopause.
Symptoms of menopause-
- Vaginal dryness
- Lower bone density
- Mood swings
- Hot flashes
- Cognitive changes
- Sleeping disorder
- Weight gain
- Decreasing sexual drive
The main disaster caused by premature menopause is infertility and osteoporosis.
Causes of Premature Menopause:-
There are certain causes of early menopause.
Premature ovarian failure-
It is not at all similar to that of premature menopause and this is a medical cause. Due to this, ovaries do not work normally even before reaching the age of 40. Women with this problem may have their periods seldom but they have infertility. This problem comes along with the symptoms of premature menopause in most of the cases. Also, treatment for cancers such as chemotherapy or radiation therapy to the pelvis affects the body very much and may cause premature menopause. Ovaries get affected badly due to these treatments and suffer from ovarian failure. If both the ovaries are to be removed surgically early because of either malignant or benign condition, premature menopause is bound to occur. Removal of uterus automatically ceases menstrual bleeding; therefore, it results in menopause. In this case, ovaries will only produce hormones.
Other causes which may also lead to premature menopause-
- Intake of drugs
- Having a chronic disease,
- Pituitary and hypothalamic tumors
- Psychiatric disorders
Types of treatments which are used for symptom relief:-
There is no particular treatment to prevent premature menopause. Only there are certain treatments which can prevent the symptoms of premature menopause.
This one is known as one of the most important treatments for premature menopause. It includes HT, estrogen therapy and ET. These treatments can be availed in different forms like through patches, pills, transdermal sprays, gels, and creams. For intravaginal use, there are certain localized hormone treatments available as well. To prevent symptoms of hot flashes and vaginal dryness, the most effective treatment is HT/ET therapy.
There are a few health risks like stroke, heart attack and breast cancer associated with HT/ET. So it is recommended by the doctors to apply the lowest dose of hormone therapy, which works for the shortest period. If you stay in Bangalore, go to the best gynecologist in Bangalore for more information about this therapy.
Contraceptive pills are also effective in relieving the menopause symptoms. In the form of HT, these pills give relief from these symptoms. Certain antidepressant medications, some selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) have been proved to be effective in treating the symptoms regarding premature menopause like hot flashes in women.
To prevent vaginal dryness, non-hormonal vaginal gels, lubricants, and creams are very helpful and trusted. In selected cases, though some technologies of productivity, pregnancy may be achieved in women with premature menopause by using the eggs from a donor.